Welsh Voices of the Great War Online

A project to gather and share material that is in private hands related to the experiences of the Welsh during the First World War
Private Tom Williams of Deiniolen, Caernarfonshire, served in the 1st Battalion of the Royal Welch Fusiliers. He died on 28 August 1916, aged 17 years old. The image shows the items the family have framed to remember him: a photograph, his medals (the...
Harry Taylor of Blaenavon (born 13 October 1895) worked before the war as a blacksmith in the ironworks. He enlisted in the Royal Navy on 12 October 1916 and served on the minesweeper Vivid I. Stationed in the Irish Sea, he was able to bring butter...
This long montage, about 3m / 15 feet long, shows, from the Allied side, the front line running from the sea at Nieuport on the left through to the northern edge of the Ypres Salient on the right. The details in the picture date it to October or early...
Frederick John Phelps was born 1 February 1897 in Permbroke. He served as a Driver in the Royal Field Artillery from 1916 to 1918 (Service number W/3613). The photograph shows Frederick standing just to the left of the nurses. He died in Maesteg on...
Lemuel Thomas Rees of Cardigan (known as Tom) volunteered for service at the start of the war, but was rejected on medical grounds. However, such qualms about his health had disappeared by 1917, when he was conscripted into the army. On the Western...
While serving on the Western Front, Lemuel Thomas Rees (known as Tom) used to send letters and poetry back to his sister Elizabeth in Cardigan. Elizabeth replied with poetry in both English and Welsh.
While serving on the Western Front, Lemuel Thomas Rees (known as Tom) used to send letters and poetry back to his sister Elizabeth in Cardigan. Elizabeth replied with poetry in both English and Welsh. The English poem here reads: Dear Brother,...
Tom Rees died of his wounds on 13 November 1918, two days after the Armistice was declared. His funeral card included a poem written by his sister, Elizabeth.
Tom Rees died on 13 November 1918; for years afterwards his sister Elizabeth would write verses to remember him on the anniversary.
Tom Rees died on 13 November 1918; for years afterwards his sister Elizabeth would write verses to remember him on the anniversary.
Tom Rees died on 13 November 1918; for years afterwards his sister Elizabeth would write verses to remember him on the anniversary.
This evocatively illustrated scroll was presented to D Llew Williams, MC, by his chapel in honour of his service with the Royal Army Medical Corps in the First World War. Note the variety of images, some of which could be interpreted as glorifying warfare...
Born in Oldham, John James Blair enlisted in Swansea – his mother Alice lived in Norton, near the Mumbles. He joined the 6th East Lancashire Regiment and attained the rank of corporal before being killed in action in Mesopotamia (ie. Iraq) on...
Sydney Claypitt was one of four sons of Daniel and Mary Claypitt, was married to Bessie and lived in Rock Hill Row, Mumbles. During the war he served as Petty Officer on H.M.S. Vivid. He died in England aged 35 on 2 June 1918, and was buried in Plymouth...
William Henry Clement, son of William and Elizabeth Clement, 31, Edmond Street, Tylorstown, Rhondda, was married to Mormonia. He served as Private 23730, 9th Welsh Regiment and was killed in action on 16 April 1918. He is remembered on the Tyne Cot...
Arthur Rhys Daniels, whose father ran a grocer’s shop on Newton Road, Mumbles served as Lance Corporal in the 1st Welsh Guards. He was killed in action aged 25 on 17th October 1915, in France, and is remembered with honour on the Great War Rood...
Frank Crosfield Frizell was the son of Mr & Mrs H. Frizell, who ran a grocer’s shop on the corner of Queens Rd & Woodville Rd, Mumbles. He served as a signalman on H.M.S. Egmont, and was killed in action aged 18 on 11th November 1917...
Samuel Thomas Gammon of George Bank, Mumbles, was married to Gladys and had three sons, Tom, Dick and Fred. He served as Private 29149, A Company, 14th Welsh Regiment , Swansea Battalion. He was killed in action, aged 29, at Mametz Wood on 10 July...
This is a photograph of Gladys Gammon and her son of 10 months, Frederick Rhyl Gammon. She was the wife of Samuel Thomas Gammon, of 14th Welsh Regiment, Swansea Battalion. She is wearing a crucifix sent home by her husband on the Western Front in the...
Private Llewellyn J. Griffiths, born in Llantrisant, served in the Shropshire Yeomanry and as Private 20935, 6th Kings Shropshire Light Infantry. He died of wounds, influenza and pneumonia, on 2 October 1917 and is remembered with honour on the Great...
Robert Crowest Griffiths was the only son of Mr & Mrs Tom Griffiths, Oakland House, Mumbles. He served as Gunner 725681, 108 Battery, 23 Brigade Royal Field Artillery, and was killed in action in France, aged 21, on 3 September 1918. He was...
William Hammett was the son of Mr & Mrs William Hammett, 3 Park Street, Mumbles. He served as Private 38161 of the 1st Dorset Regiment, and died due to the effects of gas in Belgium, aged 20, on 2nd May 1915. He is remembered with Honour on the...
Walter Edwin Llewellyn Hughes was the son of Mr & Mrs Mark Llewellyn Hughes of Heathfield Staffs. He served as Private 241230 of the 5/6 Cameronians, Scottish Rifles, and was killed in action in France, aged 23, on 20th May 1917. He is remembered...
Alfred Jenkins was the son of Mr & Mrs William Jenkins of Clifton Terrace, Southend, Swansea, and was married to Ethel Jenkins, King Street, Pembroke Dock. He served as Deck Hand 3709/Sd, Royal Naval Reserve, H.M. Paddle Minesweeper, Queen of the...
Ernest Jenkins, was the son of Mr & Mrs William Jenkins of Clifton Terrace, Southend, Swansea, and was married to Maisie of Thistleboon House, Mumbles. He served as Deck Hand, DA/1675 Royal Navy, H.M. Trawler Thuringia, and was killed in action...
Arthur Ernest Jones was the son of Mr & Mrs David Jones, of Forgefield Terrace, Castle Road, Norton, and was married to Mable Davies shortly before he died. He served as Lance Corporal, Signaller 2324, 11th Rifle Brigade, and was killed in action...
Wyndham Jones, son of the Blackpill Postman. He served as Corporal S/2326, 3rd Rifle Brigade. He was killed in action in France, aged 24, 28th December 1916. He is remembered with honour on Loos Memorial, France and on the Great War Rood Screen Memorial,...
Arthur Oscar Kibblewhite, son of Elizabeth and the late Henry George Kibblewhite, of Spring Gardens, West Cross. He served as Sapper 121224, 73rd Field Company, Royal Engineers, and was killed in action on the 12th August 1916, The Somme, France. He...
William Henry Lloyd, son of Mr & Mrs John Lloyd of Mumbles, and husband of E.M. Lloyd, Swansea. He served in ‘Tanks’, 115th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps, and died aged 33, on 2 September 1917, France. He is buried with honour at...
Charles Henry Malin, with his sister. He served as Private 27490, 1st Kings Shropshire Light Infantry, and was killed in action, aed 20, on 14 April 1918. He is remembered with hnour on Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing, Passchendaele, Belgium and on...
  Arthur Michael, son of Mr & Mrs Thomas Michael, Southend, Mumbles. He served as Private 2287 in the   Royal Irish Regiment, and died of Enteric fever, aged 28, on 9 April 1915, County Longford, Ireland. He is buried at Oystermouth...
Henry Paton served as Private S/9526, of the 1st Gordon Highlanders, and was killed in action on the 25 September 1915 on the Ypres Salient, Belgium. He is remembered with Honour on Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial to the Missing, and on the Great War Road...
Benjamin Ernest Payne, son of Mr & Mrs T.S Payne of Forgefield Terrace, Norton. He served as Corporal 215236,  of the 2/1 Denbighshire Hussar Yeomanry and died of Pneumonia aged 28, on 20 July 1918 at Norfolk War Hospital, Norwich. He is buried...
Herbert John Rogers served as Private 1219, of the 1st Devon Regiment. He was killed in action, aged 19, on 18 November 1915. He is buried in Cerisy-Gailly Military Cemetery, The Somme and is remembered with Honour on the Great War Road Screen...
Herbert Henry Sanders was the son of Harry, of Oak Cottage, Norton. He served as Private 6388, of the 6th East Lancashire Regiment, and was killed in action, aged 18, on 16 February 1917, in Mesopotamia. He is remembered with honour on the Amara War...
Raymond Statler, son of Mr & Mrs J.H. Statler, of 1, Titchbourne Street, Dunns, Mumbles, husband of Jessie and father of 4, of Dumfries Place, Mumbles. He served as Lance Sergeant 54145, of the 18th Welsh Regiment, and died of his wounds, aged...
Raymond Statler, son of Mr & Mrs J.H. Statler, of 1, Titchbourne Street, Dunns, Mumbles, husband of Jessie and father of 4, of Dumfries Place, Mumbles. He served as Lance Sergeant 54145, of the 18th Welsh Regiment, and died of his wounds, aged...
Thomas John Taylor was the son of Thomas Taylor and Eleanor (nee Jenkins) of Coltshill House, Norton. He was one of six children. He served as Sapper 19732, 17th Field Company, of the Royal Engineers, and died of his wounds on the 9th April 1915 at...
William Taylor of Colthill House, Norton, Swansea, survived the Great War. He was born in 1880 and died in 1960. He was the brother of Thomas John Taylor, Sapper with the Royal Engineers who died of wounds on 9 April 1915. His parents were Thomas...
Dispatch Rider Philip Taylor of Colthill House, Norton, Swansea, survived the Great War He was the brother of Thomas John Taylor, Sapper with the Royal Engineers who died of wounds on 9 April 1915. Tom was one of six children - three boys & three...
David John Thomes enlisted in Swansea. He served as Private 15068, of the Prince of Wales Own, 6th South Lancashire Regiment. He was killed in action, on 19 April 1916, in Mesopotamia. He is remembered with honour on the Memorial to the Missing in...
Edwin James Thomas served as a Driver in the Royal Army Service Corps, and died from the effects of influenza, on the 9th March 1919, in France. He was buried at TerlincthunBritish Cemetery, Wimille, near Boulogne, France and remembered with Honour...
Frederick Charles Vivian served as Private 17782 14th Welsh Regiment, Swansea Battalion. He enlisted in 1914 and was one of the Swansea Battalion’s first casualties. He died of his wounds, aged 23, on 14 March 1916, at Pas-de-Calais. He was...
Thomas Green, the husband of Kate Green, served as 2nd Lieutenant, D.C.M, in the 105 Siege Battery, of the Royal Garrison Artillery. He died of wounds, aged 29, on 28 October 1916, at Beaucourt, the Somme. He is buried at Beaucourt Military Cemetery,...
Joseph William Hughes was the husband of Vera and two daughters, at 56 Woodville Road, Swansea. He served as Shipwright 1st Class 132399, in the Royal Navy, on H.M.S. Hawke, and was killed in action, aged 53, on 15 September, 1914 in the North Sea....
Colin Charles Standish served as Lieutenant, M.M. in the 19th Canadian Infantry, of the Central Ontario Regiment. He was killed in action, on 9 May 1917, in France. He is buried at the Ecoivres, Military Cemetery, Mont-St-Eloi, France, situated between...
Bernard Sanderson Marshall, whose parents lived in ‘Lyndale’, Mumbles, served as Lieutenant with the Royal Flying Corps. He was killed in action, aged 22, on 7 June 1917, flying over Messines Ridge in Belgium.   He is remembered...
Alfred Baines was born in Glyndyfrdwy on 4 May 1889 and worked at a local slate quarry before joining the Welsh Guards at Wrexham on 31 May 1915. He was posted to France with the 1st Battalion in September 1915 and saw action at the Battle of Loos....
Tom Evans was the son of Richard and Janet Evans of Tylorstown, in the Rhondda valley. He was 26 when he was killed in action serving with the Royal Welch Fusiliers during a battle against the Turkish Army near Beersheba, about 74 km southwest of Jerusalem...
Tom Evans was the son of Richard and Janet Evans of Tylorstown, in the Rhondda valley. He was 26 when he was killed in action serving with the Royal Welch Fusiliers during a battle against the Turkish Army near Beersheba, about 74 km southwest of Jerusalem...
Photograph of George Burfitt Sanders of Cardiff and his wife Mabel c.1917. It is not known what unit George was in, but his brother Robert Wesley Sanders was in the Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Moses Jenkins was born 11 October 1879 in Gelligaled in the Rhondda valley to Thomas and Sarah Jenkins. He was the second son in the family and like his father he went to the coal mines when he was old enough. He married Bronwen Evans in 1901 and they...
Guildford Austin was born in Landore, Swansea, in 1885 and enlisted in the Army at the age of 18, joining the Welsh Regiment. He was stationed in Brecon from 1904 until 1914, and during this time he married Annie May Webb and fathered three children. Following...
Frederick Cyril James from Swansea (known as Cyril) joined the South Wales Borderers on 5 March 1918 and after training arrived in France at the end of July. He was wounded in action: family hearsay tells he was buried alive in a bombardment, with...
Robert Wesley Sanders (1899 - 1983) from Cardiff, known as "Wes" to the family but "Bob" to work colleagues, served in the Royal Welch Fusilers (Regtl. No 315833) from 1917 – 1919. It is said that he had originally volunteered...
This photograph was taken sometime in 1917 when Will Sanders, a Welsh-Australian serving with the Australian Imperial Forces(AIF), came to Cardiff and visited his uncle and aunt, George and Lily Sanders. The photo shows - front left George Burfitt...
Alfred Baines was born in Glyndyfrdwy on 4 May 1889 and worked at a local slate quarry before joining the Welsh Guards at Wrexham on 31 May 1915. He was posted to France with the 1st Battalion in September 1915 and saw action at the Battle of Loos....
Edith May Jacquet (born in Swansea on 12 March 1898) worked for two and a half years in the Munitions Factory at Pembrey, west of Llanelli. This is a photograph of her in her munitions factory uniform.
Edith May Jacquet (born in Swansea on 12 March 1898) worked for two and a half years in the Munitions Factory at Pembrey, west of Llanelli. This is a photograph of her (on the left) and a friend wearing borrowed army coats and caps.
Edith May Jacquet of Swansea worked for two and a half years in the Munitions Factory at Pembrey, west of Llanelli. This is the reference the works manager gave to her in 1919.
As part of the Llandrindod Victorian Festival (August 2010) Martin Heighway delivered an illustrated talk at the Glen Usk Hotel, 'Cheer up - you'll soon be dead!'. The talk was split into two halves: Llandrindod Wells in the First World...
As part of the Llandrindod Victorian Festival (August 2010) Martin Heighway delivered an illustrated talk 'Cheer up - you'll soon be dead!' at the Glen Usk Hotel. The talk was split into two halves: Llandrindod Wells in the First World...
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and his comrades in Egypt - John is standing on the left-hand side.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is in the bottom row on the right.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and two of his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is on the right.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him in the desert in Egypt or Palestine.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows some of his comrades in their desert uniform.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows two of his comrades in a defensive position.
These photographs were taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and show various scenes in the desert.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him in his desert uniform in Egypt or Palestine.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and two of his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is seated.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War: this image shows him (on the right) with a comrade.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the Luxor Hotel in Egypt.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the Kom Ombo Temple in southern Egypt.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of an (unidentified) Roman Catholic church in Palestine.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the town of Ramallah in Palestine.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows an unexploded enemy shell.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took in Jerusalem, showing the city's north wall, looking east. In later life, John Owen...
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of two comrades with a pyramid in the background.
In the first month of the First World War, the first team of Llanelli's New Dock Stars rugby club all volunteered for the army. This photograph was taken five years later, in September 1919, and it shows all of the team members in military uniform, together...
Frank Smale of Cardiff was in the Royal Navy in the First World War, serving as a Petty Officer on HMS Bellerophon. This is his account of the ship's involvement in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916.
This poem 'A Naval Hymn of Hate' was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. The first lines are 'We hate these damned hostilities / That bring us to this place / We hate the entire area / But most of all this base'.
This photograph of the North Wales Comrades was taken at Rhyl in 1914. The picture includes Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy, fifth from the left in the back row.
John James Hughes was a coal-miner before the war and served in the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment. He passed away in Bombay on 30 June 1916: this is the memorial plaque, commonly known as the ‘dead man’s penny’ that his...
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the Rev Frank Hart, chaplain in Bombay, following the death of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, who had passed away on 30 June 1916.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: this photograph was taken of John and some of his comrades at the Royal Victoria Military Hospital in Netley. John is seated...
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: after the war he was bandmaster in the Merthyr Salvation Army Corps for many years.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his sister Doris on 30 December 1917.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his father at Christmastime, most probably in 1917.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of Turkish Prisoners of War.
This Christmas Card was sent in 1917 by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews.
These photographs come from the family collection of Frank Smale and his brother-in-law William Matthews, who both on HMS Bellerophon during the Great War. The images include photographs of the crews of the racing cutters.
This Christmas Card was sent in 1917 by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews.
These photographs come from the family collection of Frank Smale and his brother-in-law William Matthews, who both on HMS Bellerophon during the Great War. The images include photographs of the crews of the racing cutters.
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon. This photograph, taken in June 1918, shows him with his wife Gladys.
John William Evans (known as Jack) from Cnwcyrosfa, Bethania, Cardiganshire, enlisted in the Welsh Regiment in August 1914. He was initially sent to France as part of the 2nd Welsh Regt attached to the 112 Railway Company, before returning to England,...
The photograph shows the Male Voice Party of the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), including Oscar Harmer (with the goat, on the right-hand side). The photograph was taken in Colwyn Bay in 1915, where the troops were...
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. This photograph of him is in a wooden frame with the words ‘the hero of our home’.
The Merthyr branch of the ‘Old Contemptibles Association’ went as a group to see the WW1 documentary film ‘Forgotten Men’ (released in 1934). Third from the right in the back row is Joseph Steele; third from the right in the front...
Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy joined the 13th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers (known as the 1st North Wales Btn). However, after 124 days he was found medically unfit, and so he was discharged on 8 February 1915. This photograph dates from late 1914.
This photograph of the North Wales Comrades was taken at Rhyl in 1914. Written on the image is the slogan “Are we down-hearted” “NO”. The picture includes Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy, second from the left in the back row.
John James Hughes was a coal-miner before the war and was married to Sarah Ann Parry in August 1906, aged 22 years old. He served in the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, but passed away in Bombay on 30 June 1916.
Sarah Hughes received this letter, written by one of her husband’s comrades, Private J Pemberton. John James Hughes was serving in India with the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, but was ill in the Victoria War Hospital, Bombay. This letter was...
Mrs Sarah Hughes received this telegram on 4 July 1916 to inform her of the death of her husband, John James Hughes. The text reads ‘Deeply regret to inform you no. 18336 Pte John Hughes 8th Cheshire died of enteritis (?) in Victoria War Hospital...
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the Rev Frank Hart, chaplain in Bombay, following the death of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, who had passed away on 30 June 1916.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: this photograph was taken of John and some of his comrades at the Royal Victoria Military Hospital in Netley. John is seated...
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his sister Doris on 30 December 1917.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent from France to his family at Christmas, 1918.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the town of Beitin (Baytin), north of Ramallah in Palestine.
This list of Battle Honours for the ship HMS Bellerophon was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. It includes the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 (at which Frank was present).
This note of the daily routine of HMS Bellerophon was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal.
This photograph shows William Matthews (sat on the front of the camel) and Frank Smale (behind him) in front of the pyramids in Egypt. William was from Penarth and Frank from Cardiff; both were serving on HMS Bellerophon and are in their naval uniform....
This postcard was sent by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews: they were to marry in 1918.
Frank Smale was born in Adamsdown, Cardiff, on 15 March 1892. He ran away to sea while young and joined the Royal Navy before the war. During the First World War he served on HMS Bellerophon. In 1918 he married Gladys Matthews, the sister of a ship-mate;...
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon. This photograph, taken in June 1918, shows him with his wife Gladys.
John William Evans (known as Jack) from Cnwcyrosfa, Bethania, Cardiganshire, enlisted in the Welsh Regiment in August 1914. He was initially sent to France as part of the 2nd Welsh Regt attached to the 112 Railway Company, before returning to England,...
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in November 1915 while he was in the King George Hospital, London.
Oscar Harmer of Cardiff served with the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), and while training in North Wales he was responsible for looking after the unit’s mascot – a goat. The photographs show Oscar tending...
The ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment) was raised in Cardiff in late 1914, trained in North Wales for the first eight months of 1915 and sailed for France in December 1915. The unit suffered horrendous losses in the...
Albert Cyril Hinder of Llanelli served with 1/4 Welsh Regiment in the Gallipoli campaign, where he was wounded at Suvla Bay in August 1915. He was sent to a hospital in Malta to convalesce, where his comrades wrote in this autograph book – including...
Albert Rees Williams, born Pontarddulais on 14 June 1895, was a miner before he enlisted in the Welsh Regiment. He was wounded, apparently on the Somme in 1916 – the story told is that a shell which killed two comrades injured Albert in the knee....
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, initially joined the army when war broke out but, so the family story goes, was given the option of joining the Royal Navy before the troops were sent to France, and took it. He was present at the Battle of Jutland...
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This is his Continuous Certificate of Discharge, which gives details of his naval service. The first ship on the list is HMS Marmora, an armed merchant cruiser which...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he joined the South Wales Borderers on 17 September 1896, when his occupation was noted as ‘labourer’. According to his service record he served in India for six years in his first stint in the...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he rejoined the South Wales Borderers in August 1914 at the start of the First World War. He arrived in France on 29 November 1914. These two postcards were sent home from France to his family in Llanelli....
Sergeant William Thomas John from Llanelli served with the Welsh Regiment, and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery on 20 October 1918 during the Battle of the Selle. He died from his wounds on 4 November 1918, and is buried at...
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. He was engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and they married in the town on 30 June 1917 – he was 39 and...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). Here are some pages from his diary of 1917. The final entry reads ‘We went into the trenches in the evening on Mon June...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died on 7 November 1918: this scroll commemorates his burial in Awoingt British Cemetery (near Camrai, northern France).
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 20 March 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 3 June 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 4 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 9 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 15 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 26 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 28 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 14 October 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one is undated but was probably in 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. These two letters were sent to his mother from the hospital where he was being treated in the final days of the war – unfortunately, he died...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one is undated but was probably written...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one has the date 10 September 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one has the date 21 October 1918.
Louisa James from Merthyr Tydfil worked in a munitions factory during the war, and is pictured here in her ‘munitionettes’ uniform. This card was sent to her brother Thomas Henry James, who was serving with the Royal Garrison Artillery.
John Donovan was born in Merthyr in 1883, and worked as a collier before joining the army during the Boer War. He went to South Africa with the Somerset Light Infantry, though the fighting was over by the time he arrived; he was then posted to India and...
Dennis Donovan of Merthyr Tydfil served in World War One as bugler for the 5th Welsh Regiment. He was wounded in the war and died in 1922 at the age of 26. This is his obituary from a local paper.
A collection of postcards sent by William Collins of Merthyr Tydfil to his friends and family back home. One shows the destruction done to the village of Mont-Sant-Eloi, France. In the group photograph, William is in the middle with a cigarette in his...
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This photograph shows him in uniform when he was serving on HMS Vivid: he also served on HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This collection of photographs shows various scenes related to HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War, principally on HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious. Here are a selection of postcards he sent home to his future wife Mary.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Elsie Wilkins was a nurse who served in Belgium with Edith Cavell, who set up a network to repatriate British soldiers who were marooned behind enemy lines. Ted Scarrett and a companion were reputed to be the last soldiers to be repatriated by Cavell’s...
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. These photographs show Joseph, together with his wife Elizabeth, including one taken on their wedding day.
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. This photograph of him is in a wooden frame with the words ‘the hero of our home’.
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. After the war he claimed that the fibrosis of the lungs he suffered from was due to his service in the war, but in 1925 his appeal...
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for four years, 232 days with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. This character certificate was presented to him on his discharge on 1 March 1920.
This photograph of the North Wales Comrades was taken at Rhyl in 1914. The picture includes Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy, fifth from the left in the back row.
This postcard was sent by Llewellyn Thomas of the 13th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers (known as the 1st North Wales Btn), on 19 January 1915. Llewellyn himself is partially obscured, being in the second rank in front of the doorway.
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the War Office, written on 1 February 1916, in response to her enquiry about the fate of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment. He later passed away in a hospital in India on 30 June...
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the Rev Frank Hart, chaplain in Bombay, following the death of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, who had passed away on 30 June 1916.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long period in hospital, during which time he created this necklace out of paper.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: his constitution was weakened and he died young in 1927.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his father at Christmastime, most probably in 1917.
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
Frank Smale of Cardiff was in the Royal Navy in the First World War, serving as a Petty Officer on HMS Bellerophon. This is his journal from 6 February 1916 to 14 November 1916 - including the ship's involvement in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May.
This Christmas Card was sent in 1917 by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews.
These photographs come from the family collection of Frank Smale and his brother-in-law William Matthews, who both on HMS Bellerophon during the Great War. The images include photographs of the crews of the racing cutters.
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in March 1916 while he was in hospital in London.
Oscar Harmer of Cardiff served with the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment) and then with the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry. While with the Cardiff City Battalion, he was the personal runner for the commanding...
Albert Cyril Hinder, born Llanelli 18 February 1895, joined 1/4 Welsh Regiment, with whom he travelled to the Mediterranean for the Gallipoli campaign. He was wounded at Suvla Bay in August 1915, and was sent to a hospital in Malta to convalesce, where...
This German bible was picked up by Private Albert Rees Williams of the Welsh Regiment, apparently on the Somme in 1916. It contains the name of its owner and also a pressed flower.
This steel skillet (used for making Welshcakes!) was made out of part of the warship HMS Chester - probably from the boiler-plate. It was made by Oliver Hughes of Llanelli, who had served in the Royal Navy in the First World War, and who was working in...
Sergeant William Thomas John from Llanelli of the Welsh Regiment was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery on 20 October 1918 during the Battle of the Selle. He was due to be presented with the medal by the King on 6 November 1918, but...
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. During the war he became engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and he sent her this Christmas card in 1916. Note...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died on 7 November 1918, and is buried in Awoingt British Cemetery (near Camrai, northern France).
This poem 'A Naval Hymn of Hate' was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. The first lines are 'We hate these damned hostilities / That bring us to this place / We hate the entire area / But most of all this base'.
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon.
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in November 1915 while he was in the King George Hospital, London.
Albert Rees Williams, born Pontarddulais on 14 June 1895, was a miner before he enlisted in the Welsh Regiment. He was wounded, apparently on the Somme in 1916 – the story told is that a shell which killed two comrades injured Albert in the knee....
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. He was engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and they married in the town on 30 June 1917 – he was 39 and...
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: his constitution was weakened and he died young in 1927.
The photograph shows a group of soldiers of the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), including Oscar Harmer (on the ground on the right-hand side).
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, initially joined the army when war broke out but, so the family story goes, was given the option of joining the Royal Navy before the troops were sent to France, and took it. He is pictured here in the uniform...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he rejoined the South Wales Borderers in August 1914 at the start of the First World War. He arrived in France on 29 November 1914, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos (September / October 1915), losing...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards...
These photographs show how the sailors of HMS Bellerophon celebrated Armistice Day (11 November 1918) by dressing up.
The photograph shows a group of soldiers of the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), including Oscar Harmer (on the ground on the right-hand side).
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he rejoined the South Wales Borderers in August 1914 at the start of the First World War. He arrived in France on 29 November 1914, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos (September / October 1915), losing...
This poem 'A Naval Hymn of Hate' was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. The first lines are 'We hate these damned hostilities / That bring us to this place / We hate the entire area / But most of all this base'.
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, initially joined the army when war broke out but, so the family story goes, was given the option of joining the Royal Navy before the troops were sent to France, and took it. He is pictured here in the uniform...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and his comrades in Egypt - John is standing on the left-hand side.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is in the bottom row on the right.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him in his desert uniform in Egypt or Palestine.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and two of his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is seated.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him and two of his comrades in Egypt or Palestine - John is on the right.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This photograph shows him in the desert in Egypt or Palestine.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows some of his comrades in their desert uniform.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows two of his comrades in a defensive position.
These photographs were taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and show various scenes in the desert.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War: this image shows him (on the right) with a comrade.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the Luxor Hotel in Egypt.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the Kom Ombo Temple in southern Egypt.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of an (unidentified) Roman Catholic church in Palestine.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the town of Ramallah in Palestine.
This photograph was taken by John Owen of the Royal Engineers in the Egypt/Palestine campaign, and shows an unexploded enemy shell.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took in Jerusalem, showing the city's north wall, looking east. In later life, John Owen...
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of Turkish Prisoners of War.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of two comrades with a pyramid in the background.
John Owen (born in Bynea in 1896) served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War, and was involved in the Egypt/Palestine campaign. This is a photograph he took of the town of Beitin (Baytin), north of Ramallah in Palestine.
In the first month of the First World War, the first team of Llanelli's New Dock Stars rugby club all volunteered for the army. This photograph was taken five years later, in September 1919, and it shows all of the team members in military uniform, together...
Frank Smale of Cardiff was in the Royal Navy in the First World War, serving as a Petty Officer on HMS Bellerophon. This is his journal from 6 February 1916 to 14 November 1916 - including the ship's involvement in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May.
Frank Smale of Cardiff was in the Royal Navy in the First World War, serving as a Petty Officer on HMS Bellerophon. This is his account of the ship's involvement in the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916.
This list of Battle Honours for the ship HMS Bellerophon was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. It includes the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 (at which Frank was present).
This poem 'A Naval Hymn of Hate' was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal. The first lines are 'We hate these damned hostilities / That bring us to this place / We hate the entire area / But most of all this base'.
This note of the daily routine of HMS Bellerophon was written in Frank Smale's 1916 journal.
This Christmas Card was sent in 1917 by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews.
This photograph shows William Matthews (sat on the front of the camel) and Frank Smale (behind him) in front of the pyramids in Egypt. William was from Penarth and Frank from Cardiff; both were serving on HMS Bellerophon and are in their naval uniform....
These photographs show how the sailors of HMS Bellerophon celebrated Armistice Day (11 November 1918) by dressing up.
This postcard was sent by Frank Smale, serving on HMS Bellerophon, to his sweetheart Gladys Matthews: they were to marry in 1918.
These photographs come from the family collection of Frank Smale and his brother-in-law William Matthews, who both on HMS Bellerophon during the Great War. The images include photographs of the crews of the racing cutters.
Frank Smale was born in Adamsdown, Cardiff, on 15 March 1892. He ran away to sea while young and joined the Royal Navy before the war. During the First World War he served on HMS Bellerophon. In 1918 he married Gladys Matthews, the sister of a ship-mate;...
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon.
William Matthews joined the Royal Navy before the First World War, during which he served on HMS Bellerophon. This photograph, taken in June 1918, shows him with his wife Gladys.
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in March 1916 while he was in hospital in London.
John William Evans (known as Jack) from Cnwcyrosfa, Bethania, Cardiganshire, enlisted in the Welsh Regiment in August 1914. He was initially sent to France as part of the 2nd Welsh Regt attached to the 112 Railway Company, before returning to England,...
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in November 1915 while he was in the King George Hospital, London.
John William Evans from Bethania, Cardiganshire, was wounded in the Gallipoli campaign while serving with the 2nd Welsh Regiment. This letter (in Welsh) was written to his parents in November 1915 while he was in the King George Hospital, London.
Oscar Harmer of Cardiff served with the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment) and then with the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry. While with the Cardiff City Battalion, he was the personal runner for the commanding...
Oscar Harmer of Cardiff served with the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), and while training in North Wales he was responsible for looking after the unit’s mascot – a goat. The photographs show Oscar tending...
The photograph shows a group of soldiers of the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), including Oscar Harmer (on the ground on the right-hand side).
The photograph shows the Male Voice Party of the ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment), including Oscar Harmer (with the goat, on the right-hand side). The photograph was taken in Colwyn Bay in 1915, where the troops were...
The ‘Cardiff City Battalion’ (16th Battalion, Welsh Regiment) was raised in Cardiff in late 1914, trained in North Wales for the first eight months of 1915 and sailed for France in December 1915. The unit suffered horrendous losses in the...
Albert Cyril Hinder, born Llanelli 18 February 1895, joined 1/4 Welsh Regiment, with whom he travelled to the Mediterranean for the Gallipoli campaign. He was wounded at Suvla Bay in August 1915, and was sent to a hospital in Malta to convalesce, where...
Albert Cyril Hinder of Llanelli served with 1/4 Welsh Regiment in the Gallipoli campaign, where he was wounded at Suvla Bay in August 1915. He was sent to a hospital in Malta to convalesce, where his comrades wrote in this autograph book – including...
Albert Rees Williams, born Pontarddulais on 14 June 1895, was a miner before he enlisted in the Welsh Regiment. He was wounded, apparently on the Somme in 1916 – the story told is that a shell which killed two comrades injured Albert in the knee....
Albert Rees Williams, born Pontarddulais on 14 June 1895, was a miner before he enlisted in the Welsh Regiment. He was wounded, apparently on the Somme in 1916 – the story told is that a shell which killed two comrades injured Albert in the knee....
This German bible was picked up by Private Albert Rees Williams of the Welsh Regiment, apparently on the Somme in 1916. It contains the name of its owner and also a pressed flower.
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, initially joined the army when war broke out but, so the family story goes, was given the option of joining the Royal Navy before the troops were sent to France, and took it. He was present at the Battle of Jutland...
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, initially joined the army when war broke out but, so the family story goes, was given the option of joining the Royal Navy before the troops were sent to France, and took it. He is pictured here in the uniform...
Oliver Hughes, born in Llanelli in 1896, served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This is his Continuous Certificate of Discharge, which gives details of his naval service. The first ship on the list is HMS Marmora, an armed merchant cruiser which...
This steel skillet (used for making Welshcakes!) was made out of part of the warship HMS Chester - probably from the boiler-plate. It was made by Oliver Hughes of Llanelli, who had served in the Royal Navy in the First World War, and who was working in...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he joined the South Wales Borderers on 17 September 1896, when his occupation was noted as ‘labourer’. According to his service record he served in India for six years in his first stint in the...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he rejoined the South Wales Borderers in August 1914 at the start of the First World War. He arrived in France on 29 November 1914, and was wounded at the Battle of Loos (September / October 1915), losing...
David John Coslett was born in Swansea in 1876: he rejoined the South Wales Borderers in August 1914 at the start of the First World War. He arrived in France on 29 November 1914. These two postcards were sent home from France to his family in Llanelli....
Sergeant William Thomas John from Llanelli of the Welsh Regiment was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery on 20 October 1918 during the Battle of the Selle. He was due to be presented with the medal by the King on 6 November 1918, but...
Sergeant William Thomas John from Llanelli served with the Welsh Regiment, and was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery on 20 October 1918 during the Battle of the Selle. He died from his wounds on 4 November 1918, and is buried at...
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. He was engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and they married in the town on 30 June 1917 – he was 39 and...
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. He was engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and they married in the town on 30 June 1917 – he was 39 and...
Sam Cook, originally from Liverpool, served as a gunner with the Royal Field Artillery during the First World War. During the war he became engaged to Mary Annie Symmons (neé Hughes) of Llanelli, and he sent her this Christmas card in 1916. Note...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). Here are some pages from his diary of 1917. The final entry reads ‘We went into the trenches in the evening on Mon June...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died on 7 November 1918, and is buried in Awoingt British Cemetery (near Camrai, northern France).
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. He died on 7 November 1918: this scroll commemorates his burial in Awoingt British Cemetery (near Camrai, northern France).
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 20 March 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 3 June 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 4 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 9 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 15 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 26 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 28 August 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one was written on 14 October 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters he wrote to his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one is undated but was probably in 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. These two letters were sent to his mother from the hospital where he was being treated in the final days of the war – unfortunately, he died...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one is undated but was probably written...
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one has the date 10 September 1918.
Gunner Thomas Henry James of Merthyr Tydfil was with the 141st Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. A number of the letters written to him by his wife in the final months of the war have survived – this one has the date 21 October 1918.
Louisa James from Merthyr Tydfil worked in a munitions factory during the war, and is pictured here in her ‘munitionettes’ uniform. This card was sent to her brother Thomas Henry James, who was serving with the Royal Garrison Artillery.
John Donovan was born in Merthyr in 1883, and worked as a collier before joining the army during the Boer War. He went to South Africa with the Somerset Light Infantry, though the fighting was over by the time he arrived; he was then posted to India and...
Dennis Donovan of Merthyr Tydfil served in World War One as bugler for the 5th Welsh Regiment. He was wounded in the war and died in 1922 at the age of 26. This is his obituary from a local paper.
A collection of postcards sent by William Collins of Merthyr Tydfil to his friends and family back home. One shows the destruction done to the village of Mont-Sant-Eloi, France. In the group photograph, William is in the middle with a cigarette in his...
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This photograph shows him in uniform when he was serving on HMS Vivid: he also served on HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. This collection of photographs shows various scenes related to HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War, principally on HMS Courageous and HMS Glorious. Here are a selection of postcards he sent home to his future wife Mary.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Sam Small from Merthyr Tydfil served in the Royal Navy in the First World War. Here are a selection of postcards he was sent while serving on HMS Courageous.
Elsie Wilkins was a nurse who served in Belgium with Edith Cavell, who set up a network to repatriate British soldiers who were marooned behind enemy lines. Ted Scarrett and a companion were reputed to be the last soldiers to be repatriated by Cavell’s...
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. These photographs show Joseph, together with his wife Elizabeth, including one taken on their wedding day.
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. This photograph of him is in a wooden frame with the words ‘the hero of our home’.
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for over four years with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. After the war he claimed that the fibrosis of the lungs he suffered from was due to his service in the war, but in 1925 his appeal...
The Merthyr branch of the ‘Old Contemptibles Association’ went as a group to see the WW1 documentary film ‘Forgotten Men’ (released in 1934). Third from the right in the back row is Joseph Steele; third from the right in the front...
Driver Joseph Steele of Merthyr Tydfil served for four years, 232 days with the Royal Army Service Corps in France and Salonika. This character certificate was presented to him on his discharge on 1 March 1920.
Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy joined the 13th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers (known as the 1st North Wales Btn). However, after 124 days he was found medically unfit, and so he was discharged on 8 February 1915. This photograph dates from late 1914.
This photograph of the North Wales Comrades was taken at Rhyl in 1914. The picture includes Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy, fifth from the left in the back row.
This photograph of the North Wales Comrades was taken at Rhyl in 1914. Written on the image is the slogan “Are we down-hearted” “NO”. The picture includes Llewellyn Thomas of Treorchy, second from the left in the back row.
This postcard was sent by Llewellyn Thomas of the 13th Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers (known as the 1st North Wales Btn), on 19 January 1915. Llewellyn himself is partially obscured, being in the second rank in front of the doorway.
John James Hughes was a coal-miner before the war and was married to Sarah Ann Parry in August 1906, aged 22 years old. He served in the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, but passed away in Bombay on 30 June 1916.
Sarah Hughes received this letter, written by one of her husband’s comrades, Private J Pemberton. John James Hughes was serving in India with the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, but was ill in the Victoria War Hospital, Bombay. This letter was...
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the War Office, written on 1 February 1916, in response to her enquiry about the fate of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment. He later passed away in a hospital in India on 30 June...
Mrs Sarah Hughes received this telegram on 4 July 1916 to inform her of the death of her husband, John James Hughes. The text reads ‘Deeply regret to inform you no. 18336 Pte John Hughes 8th Cheshire died of enteritis (?) in Victoria War Hospital...
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the Rev Frank Hart, chaplain in Bombay, following the death of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, who had passed away on 30 June 1916.
Sarah Hughes received this letter from the Rev Frank Hart, chaplain in Bombay, following the death of her husband, John James Hughes of the 8th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment, who had passed away on 30 June 1916.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: his constitution was weakened and he died young in 1927.
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long time in hospital: this photograph was taken of John and some of his comrades at the Royal Victoria Military Hospital in Netley. John is seated...
John Jenkins of Merthyr served with the Royal Army Medical Corps in Salonika. He was gassed and spent a long period in hospital, during which time he created this necklace out of paper.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: after the war he was bandmaster in the Merthyr Salvation Army Corps for many years.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his sister Doris on 30 December 1917.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent to his father at Christmastime, most probably in 1917.
Reg Hillier of Merthyr Tydfil served as drummer with the Welsh Regiment: this card was sent from France to his family at Christmas, 1918.
David Thomas Richards of Merthyr Tydfil was a soldier in the 3rd/4th Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). He was killed on the Western Front on 20 June 1917, aged 29. His wife Amy gave birth to their son William Thomas Richards on...
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